From the Gold Coast to the Outback to world-class cities like Sydney and Melbourne, Australia has a lot of diverse attractions and experiences to offer, making the continent a long-time favorite of world travelers, expats, and international students. The country occupies the world’s largest island and has a population of more than 23 million. Currently, its economy is strong, and unemployment is lower than it’s been in nearly five years at 5.4%, making it even more attractive to job hunters looking for a change. With job vacancies existing in most job sectors and growing talent shortages, there are opportunities for a wide variety of experienced professionals and younger workers who want to try Australia as a new home base.
By 2022, Victoria and New South Wales are expected to lead the country in employment growth, with a total growth rate of 9.8% across all industries. Bringing up the rear are South Australia and Northern Territory. Major metro areas like Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, and Perth are projected to see the largest increases in employment. These areas are home to leading growth industries and have seen rapid growth in population.
Here are the industries showing the most growth over the next four years:
|Leading Growth Industries to 2022||Anticipated Growth (in %)|
|Health care and social assistance||25.1|
|Professional, scientific and technical services||12.7|
|Education and training||11.6|
|Accommodation and food services||9.8|
Within these high-growth industries, certain subsectors will experience the most robust growth:
- Health care and social assistance: Allied health services, residential care services, medical services, and child care
- Education and training: Adult education
- Professional, scientific and technical services: computer-system design and related services
Approximately 38% of Australia’s employers report talent shortages, which is just below the global average of 40%. Skilled trade vacancies continue to be the hardest to fill, largely because of a lack of available candidates, according to Manpower.
The Most Difficult to Fill Positions are:
- Skilled trades
- Management/executive (management/corporate)
- Sales representatives
- IT personnel
- Accounting and finance staff
- Doctors and other non-nursing health professionals
- Secretaries, PAs, receptionists, administrative assistants, and office support staff
Australia’s Skill Shortage List, which posts the occupations Australian employers are having the most difficulty filling, contains the following occupations:
- Air conditioning and refrigeration mechanics
- Automotive and engineering trades workers: automotive electricians, motor mechanics, sheet metal workers, metal machinists, locksmiths, panel beaters, vehicle painters
- Chefs, bakers, pastry cooks
- Civil engineers
- Construction trades workers: bricklayers, stone masons, painters, glaziers, fibrous and solid plasterers, roof, wall and floor tillers, plumbers, cabinet makers
- Medical professionals: audiologists, optometrists, midwives, physiotherapists, radiographers, sonographers
- IT professionals: web developers, analysts and programmer developers, IT security specialists
Skills in Demand
Occupational Projections 2022
|Occupation||Number of new jobs (‘000)||% job growth|
|Business, human resources, and marketing professionals||58.8||8.7|
|Accountants, auditors, etc.||17.3||8.3|
Soft skills: In today’s jobs market, and to be ready for tomorrow’s, successful candidates must possess not only technical skills but also:
- Cultural intelligence
- Customer focus
- Eagerness to learn
- Emotional intelligence
The minimum wage in Australia was recently increased to 18.29 AUD per hour or 694.90 AUD for a 38-hour workweek, before taxes. Average earnings are a good deal higher than the minimum wage, at 1,544 AUD per week for full-time workers. Recent graduate median annual salaries are:
- Undergraduate degree: 60,000 AUD
- Post-graduate degree: 81,000 AUD
- Post-graduate research graduates: 87,000 AUD
Medical professionals and judges earn the highest salaries in the country, although there is a striking gender gap in the medical field. Male neurosurgeons are the top earners, at 577,674 AUD per year; women neurosurgeons earn 323,682 AUD annually. Women judges earn 355,844 AUD a year, while male judges earn 381,323 AUD.
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