The H-1B specialty occupation visa is used by a wide variety of industries to enable international professionals to work in the USA. During a recent training session, one participant asked about the trends for nonprofit employment and H-1B visas.
The two primary categories for nonprofit-related activities are:
- SOC 21-000 is for Community and Social Service Occupations. Counselors, social workings, and other community and social service specialists
- SOC 25-000 is for Education, Training, and Library Occupations
Numerous job titles are included in both of these groups and the links above will provide access to the job descriptions.
For job seekers who are looking to find employment in higher education it is potentially useful to note that some nonprofit positions are exempt from the annual numerical limit on visas.
“The H-1B visa has an annual numerical limit, or cap, of 65,000 visas each fiscal year. The first 20,000 petitions filed on behalf of beneficiaries with a U.S. master’s degree or higher are exempt from the cap. Additionally, H-1B workers who are petitioned for or employed at an institution of higher education (or its affiliated or related nonprofit entities), a nonprofit research organization, or a government research organization are not subject to this numerical cap.” - http://www.uscis.gov/eir/visa-guide/h-1b-specialty-occupation/understanding-h-1b-requirements
Fiscal Year 2012
H-1B labor condition applications from educational employers accounted for nearly 5 percent of the total positions certified in FY 2012. Of the positions certified for educational employers in FY 2012, approximately 61 percent were requested by colleges and universities, while 39 percent were requested by elementary and secondary schools.
In FY 2012, the States with the highest demand from educational employers each had at least 872 certified positions. New York, Texas, and California saw the highest demand from educational employers in FY 2012, with 10,933 positions certified for New York, a 96 percent increase in positions certified for the State over FY 2011.
The full FY 2012 report is available for download from the Department of Labor.
Fiscal Year 2013
The final report from the Department of Labor is expected in November 2014 but the current statistics from FY2013 provide some insights into which job roles were in demand for the education sector.
SOC 25-000 Top 20 Job Roles (FY 2013)
|Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education||1600|
|Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Care||1587|
|Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary||1544|
|Business Teachers, Postsecondary||917|
|Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary||792|
|Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary||727|
|Mathematical Science Teachers, Postsecondary||718|
|Teachers and Instructors, All Other||544|
|Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career||540|
|Economics Teachers, Postsecondary||418|
|Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary||359|
|Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary||288|
|Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary||277|
|Education Teachers, Postsecondary||266|
|Special Education Teachers, Preschool, Kindergarten||260|
|Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education||259|
|Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary||240|
|Physics Teachers, Postsecondary||234|
|Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education||218|
SOC 25-000 Top 20 Job Roles (FY 2013)
|Educational, Guidance, School, and Vocational Counselors||186|
|Mental Health Counselors||126|
|Child, Family, and School Social Workers||97|
|Directors, Religious Activities and Education||86|
|Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other||67|
|Healthcare Social Workers||58|
|Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers||50|
|Counselors, All Other||42|
|Social Workers, All Other||42|
|Marriage and Family Therapists||34|
|Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors||22|
|Religious Workers, All Other||12|
|Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors||11|
|Social and Human Service Assistants||7|
|Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Spec||5|
|Medical and Public Health Social Workers||3|